Enthusiasts and streamers can never imagine working without owning a proper set of microphones. Microphones are essential for converting air pressure into electrical signals. This usability and enabling is utilized for recording music, speech, and more. So, which one should you bag based on your needs? Stay tuned to know!
It goes without saying microphones must be highly transportable, handy, and carry top-tier specifications. And it's pretty impossible to go around that topic without discussing the merits and drawbacks of condenser vs dynamic microphones.
Therefore, in this article, we will discuss and learn everything about condenser and dynamic mics and which one fits you best. Keep reading to score the best mic to enhance your streaming game.
What Is A Condenser Mic?
Before head diving to illustrate which suits you best, you must comprehend the distinctions and properties of condensers and dynamics. Let's begin with the condensers.
Let me ask you a question; which type of mic do YouTubers use, you think? Most of your favorite YouTubers achieve their crystal clear quality and audio accuracy through condenser mics.
The condenser mic has a configuration of moveable front plates and fixed backplates. This, in return, charges the capacitor when the user's voice hits the front plates and induces electrical signals. These electrical charges need a constant +48v input charging for a mixer or preamp.
Phantom power is a must-have for condensers, but recent developments have converted the batteries to act like them. Using condenser mics are highly reliable for ASMR artists to showcase their talents as they can grasp the sound from around them rather than a local designation.
Related: Best Live Condenser Vocal Mic
With that being said, these are the most typical uses for condenser mics.
- ASMR or ambiance
- Acoustic guitars
- Bass drums
Advantages Of Condenser Mics:
If you're still confused about the distinctions of dynamic vs condenser mic for streaming, then don't stop skimming yet. Once you take a gander at the pros and cons of condenser mics, you will know if it's the correct match for you.
If you're looking for multiple polar pattern features, condensers are the right choice. Condenser USB mics have populated the market, and for good reasons. They can pick and block unnecessary sounds while letting the user choose between four different polar patterns.
Not only will you get more control and authority over the piece but, it gives you higher variation choices too.
- Frequency range
Condenser mics come with an extensive range of 20-20,000 Hertz. Along with this comprehensive frequency range, users get the advantage of owning a more comprehensive vocal representation that immediately boosts the experience, giving condenser mics a better edge.
If you've ever wondered which is the best between dynamic vs condenser mic for podcasting, it’s condensers. The reasons behind it are pretty simple.
Condenser mics have more incredible front plate intricacy and front moving mechanism, which is responsible for capturing accurate sound signals and waves emitting distinct audio and more precise quality. Thus, these are the best pick for vocals and podcast hosts.
Disadvantages Of Condenser Mics:
- Power source
Unlike dynamic mics, condenser mics need an extra phantom power source. It requires some charging for the capacitor to work adequately. This function doesn't emerge in dynamic mics. Thus, these power sources are essential.
Condenser mics are by far more expensive than dynamic mics. Consequently, condenser mics are also less durable, making them more absorbent to damages and lower long-lasting warranties.
If you have an untreated environment to work with, condensers might not deliver the best results. Condenser mics are susceptible to any and all sounds in the surroundings.
Thus, they work fine in studios and enclosed room settings. This means that no external interference or disruption can ruin the user's experience.
On the other hand, you can take a long, relaxing breath if your condenser comes with the proper varying polar patterns, as you can overcome the distortion issue through these.
What Is A Dynamic Mic?
Unlike the usual ASMR needs, dynamic mics works by blocking away as much background noise and interference as possible.
To be specific, the recipient shall hear nothing more than their incoming voice's signal. Its structure contains a cardioid polar pattern technology that enables gathering the user's voice specifically from the front end of the mic while diminishing any interference from its rear.
Moreover, dynamic streaming mics come with a magnetic field with an induction coil inside them. Thus, when someone speaks into the mic, the diaphragm vibrates, emitting minuscule electrical currents which get amplified through mixers or preamps. The larger the diaphragm, the better clearness and smoothness users will receive.
However, the audio quality will also be hampered or optimized through the interface and mixers' quality. Therefore, mixers and interfaces should be powerful enough to select and convert such electrical signals.
So, where is a dynamic mic for gaming and streaming usually used? In;
- Brass instruments
- Snare toms and drums
- Loud vocals
- Guitar amplifiers
Advantages of Dynamic Mics:
It's time to see the pros and cons of dynamic mics. The battle of dynamic mic vs condenser can never be judged based on their specifications solely; thus, read through to get the complete picture.
Singers love to own a good set of dynamic microphones significantly because they can withstand extreme wear and tear.
These are also complemented by an easy-to-use interface and features with top-tier and reliable sound quality no matter the surroundings. So, if you see a singer that loves rough handling - it's probable that they're using a dynamic mic set.
The good news is that dynamic mics are relatively cheaper for all purposes and don't require a phantom power source, which decreases overall cost. So, you don't only get a sturdier piece at an affordable rate but, you'll need lower replacements along the journey too.
One of the many reasons dynamic wins by a mile in terms of dynamic vs condenser for streaming is that they don't require additional phantom power sources. This dependability increases the users' vulnerability and limits their usage versatility too.
Just get a preamp for your dynamic mic, and you're all set!
- Noise cancelation
How would you, as a listener, feel when there are diverse interferences such as keyboard clicking, computer fan whirring, and your room heater's sound interfering with your favorite podcasts and hosts?
Not the very best. This is why dynamic mics are best in canceling out a noisier background and emphasizing on what's essential.
Disadvantages Of Dynamic Mics:
If you put both of these mics to the test, a dynamic mic doesn't own up to the condensers' sounding standard. Dynamic mics are less sensitive; thus, dynamic mics for streaming are far more reliable than other use.
- Sensitivity and frequency
This feature ultimately depends on your use and preference. Whether you're opting for low distortion or broad frequency, you'll have to set the mic in a relatively closer range to your mouth for a more precise sound volume.
Dynamic mics are renowned for picking sounds from atop. And that's pretty much it, as it doesn't own any other polar features.
Dynamic Mic VS Condenser:
Since dynamic and condenser mics have differing use and characteristics, simply reviewing their properties isn't enough. Thus, let's look more into it and see how each of these mics perform under various needs and requirements.
Dynamic VS Condenser Mic For Streaming
Dynamic mics for streaming can withstand high power and volume without any distortion or minimizing the audio quality. If you're willing to acquire a rougher and edgier sound quality and one that still owns up to the standards of the gaming industry, these mics work wonders.
Furthermore, dynamic mics are an excellent match for desktops as some of them are equipped with high-quality, innovative features, noise-canceling technology, and other prompt settings. Needless to say, dynamic mics' design and built targets to enhance the gaming and streaming experience.
On the other hand, condensers have a distinct and crisp sound quality with enriched detail and definition. Moreover, condensers can pick and emit low-frequency sounds with incredible response and receptiveness, even the lowest sounds such as whispers.
Therefore, it's chosen every day by ASMR-tists, singers, role-play gamers, and voice acting with pro-audio knowledge. These mics are oversensitive to the background and vital sounds, which contrasts heavily with what streamers look for in a mic.
Related: How to use a microphone on iPhone
Condenser Mic VS Dynamic Mic For Podcasting
Condenser mics have high sensitivity; thus, they can pick everything the host and co-hosts talk about, even unwanted elements. With condenser mics, users need to be extremely careful of their speech and noise.
Therefore, condenser mics are a perfect match for a room with a more acoustic balance with a phantom power source. These are higher in price, but they require more attentive care as they're less sturdy compared to dynamic mics.
When it comes to condenser vs dynamic for podcasting, people are always inclined towards dynamic mics because of their standard lower price range and beginner-friendly features. Podcast experts and newbies aim to find the perfect balance for recording their voices while producing a seamless sound quality.
This feature comes to life when people opt for dynamic mics with low-end frequencies. Moreover, dynamic mics outperform even when there's a room full of hosts taking part in the podcast. Each user in a room can have a designated dynamic mic of their own and produce crystal clean voice notes.
Even with their sturdy and rugged specifications, dynamic mics can also withstand brutal temperatures without the need for phantom powers.
Dynamic VS Condenser Vocals
Mics such as the blue dynamic mic are the best for encapsulating strong and loud vocals and sounds. This is why the idea of using condenser mics live is less than popular amongst live musicians or stand-up artists.
This is because dynamic mics are equipped to intricately catch live sounds, whereas condensers can select and revert even the most delicate sounds, which isn't what users look for in a live setting.
On the other hand, condensers win the race to record vocals and pick a linear detailed sound frequency. Condenser mics seem to fit in quite nicely, whether it's a studio or recording setting and atmosphere.
Which One Should You Use?
It all boils down to this, dynamic vs condenser microphone, and which one will suit you best? It's pretty apparent that condenser microphones are largely used and a favorite of many.
If the price point isn't an issue, condensers might make the cut for you, too, if this is where your needs lie. In this era of new, old, and emerging YouTubers, streamers, and podcast artists, condenser mics are heavily renowned as they own up to their unique functionality, diverse use, and sharper audio quality.
Moreover, with the multiple polar pattern settings that the newer models offer, condenser mics have gained even more gain and fame as users can manipulate the sensitivity.
On the contrary, amateurs mostly opt for dynamic mics solely because of their lower and affordable price rates. And dynamic mics can provide greener days to trainees as they pay off well for newbies and learn the many tricks of streaming at the initial stages.
However, as your channel picks up, you will realize the sound quality and differences and gradually save enough to afford and hit the road with condenser mics.
You can tell by now that your needs and preference can make a huge difference. More than a considerable chunk of the decision-making depends on why you need a mic and what kind of results you're aiming for.
Thus, simply stating a winner amidst condenser vs dynamic can never be wise. Higher frequency ranges and distinct vocals are condenser mics' forte whereas, affordable pricing and clarity sound features are the specialties of dynamic mics.
Both of these are masterpieces, and that's a no-brainer. Therefore, labeling either as a clear 'winner' would be a crime. The wisest decision will come to you when you can comprehend your priorities correctly. With that being said, when it's about streaming alone, condenser mics hit the bull's eye based on their extra features, usability, and quality.
Graduated with a Bachelor of Audio Engineering and Sound Production. He has worked with a number of studios as a Recording Engineer, with over 10 years of servicing experience in both re-recording mixing and sound editing.